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2021年上海自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题十一

发布时间:2021-03-26 整编:上海自考网 阅读量: 标签:
【导语】

2021年上半年上海自考报名已经结束,还有一个月左右的时间可以备考,那么在剩下的一个多月的时间里,小编还是建议考生继续练习,这里上海自考网小编就整理了2021年上海自考本科

2021年上半年上海自考报名已经结束,还有一个月左右的时间可以备考,那么在剩下的一个多月的时间里,小编还是建议考生继续练习,这里上海自考网小编就整理了2021年上海自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题十一。在这里小编也祝愿大家都取得理想的好成绩。

2021年上海自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题
 
Unit 11 Cyber World
 
Cyberlove
 
① Thanks to the late 20th century technology, Maria of Denmark and Martijin of Holland met on a chatline. For months they've talked and sent letters to each other with the help of their computers as they found themselves falling head over heels in love. It was then that they decided to meet in the real, not only the virtual, world. It was not easy to arrange as the young man and his lady were separated by 700 very real kilometers, but the date was a success and Maria and Martijn have been living together happily ever since. They've created a home page to let the world know how they've found happiness via the Internet and introduce couples who've met under similar circumstances.
 
② Throughout history men and women had used a variety of means to find each other. Internet romance, according to some, is a bizarre method, and to others it is a natural way for the 90's to meet potential mates.
 
③ Romances formed on the internet follow a characteristic script. The development of emotional intimacy is a long process, sometimes taking several months. "Love at first byte" is rare although there are examples. (1)The initial light exchanges, whether by e-mail or in chat rooms, are generally followed by increasingly self-revealing topics, and then after a while, the two strangers perceive each other as a true friend. Hearts open and an avalanche of e-mail crosses cyberspace carrying literary quality, and electronic messages are even enhanced with verses and virtual gifts (flowers, kisses, animated pictures). Could any heart with romantic inclinations resist? (2)When you reach for the mouse with sweaty palms and butterflies in the stomach to look in the in-box for new mail - there's just no way to escape the fact - love has arrived.
 
④ How does a cyber romance vary from a real life romance? Perhaps one significant difference is that communication plays such a large part. Words that convey feelings have enormous effect. (3)While before a real date we fix our hair and our clothes, on the internet we polish our intellect, imagination and personality. (4)In essence, the sequence is reversed - first we show our inner beauty and only after it had won victory does the veil fall off the physical vehicle of that personality at the time of that first meeting in person.
 
⑤ It is a popular topic in cyberspace to debate whether or not true love can develop merely on an intellectual level(智力方面,精神方面,即"精神恋爱"), without physical attraction or the familiarity of the other's appearance? (5)To put it another way: is the physical appearance of the man or woman play a part in the relationship if, through the exchange of thoughts and feelings, they already fell in love?
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
1. The initial light exchanges, whether by e-mail or in chat rooms, are generally followed by increasingly self-revealing topics, and then after a while, the two strangers perceive each other as a true friend.
 
不管是通过电子邮件还是聊天室,最初是简单的交流,然后是越来越多自我表露的话题,过了一段时间之后,两个陌生人把彼此当成了真正的朋友。
 
perceive…as…把……看成
 
2. When you reach for the mouse with sweaty palms and butterflies in the stomach to look in the in-box for new mail - there's just no way to escape the fact - love has arrived.
 
(1) reach for the mouse 伸手够鼠标
 
(2) in-box 收件箱
 
out-box 发件箱
 
(3) there's no way to do sth.
 
3. While before a real date we fix our hair and our clothes, on the internet we polish our intellect, imagination and personality.
 
(1) while表示前后对比,再如:
 
He is hot-tempered, while his twin sister is very gentle.
 
(2) polish 润色
 
(3) 句子的译文:现实中约会前我们打理自己的头发和服饰,而在互联网上,我们依靠智慧,想象力和个人品格。
 
4. In essence, the sequence is reversed - first we show our inner beauty and only after it had won victory does the veil fall off the physical vehicle of that personality at the time of that first meeting in person.
 
(1) only after…放在and后面分句的句首,故第二分句倒装。
 
"only+介词短语或状语从句"句子倒装,例如:
 
Only in this way can you succeed.
 
Only when you have tried hard can you taste the flavor of success.
 
(2) 句子的译文:其实顺序是相反的:我们先展示了内在美,只有在内在美赢得胜利之后,第一次见面,外在的东西才展露出来。
 
5. To put it another way: is the physical appearance of the man or woman play a part in the relationship if, through the exchange of thoughts and feelings, they already fell in love?
 
(1) put: state, express 表达,表述
 
a well-put sentence 措辞严谨的句子
 
(2) play a part / role in sth. 在……起作用
 
(3) through the exchange of thoughts and feelings 通过思想感情的交流
 
⑥ (6)Many say it is against the nature of love to be deprived of the sense of sight, the look, the movement, and the body language being present. (7)There are those, of course, who favor Internet relationships claiming that the intensity of the emotional relationship that develops in such a way is superior to the mere stirring of the flesh.
 
本部分重点及难点
 
6. Many say it is against the nature of love to be deprived of the sense of sight, the look, the movement, and the body language being present.
 
(1) It is against the nature of love… 是违背爱的本性的
 
(2) deprive …of… 剥夺,使丧失
 
Poverty has deprived many poor children of the right to (receive) education.
 
区分:derive…from…
 
He derives great pleasure from helping others.
 
A lot of English words are derived from Latin and French.
 
7. There are those, of course, who favor Internet relationships claiming that the intensity of the emotional relationship that develops in such a way is superior to the mere stirring of the flesh.
 
be superior to 优于……
 
类似用法的词:inferior, superior, junior, senior, anterior, posterior, prior,这些词表示比较,但之后都用to,不用than。例如:
 
The cloth is inferior to that one in quality.
 
Her husband is two years senior to her.
 
请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!
 
【单选题】22. We can't ______ him ______ the right to defend himself even though he is a suspected criminal.
 
A. derive, of
 
B. deprive, of
 
C. derive, from
 
D. deprive, from
 
【答案】B
 
【解析】本题考查deprive…of / derive…from。deprive…of…意为"剥夺,使丧失",derive…from意为"得到,派生",故选B。本句的意思是"虽然他是个嫌疑犯我们也不能剥夺他为自己辩护的权利。"
 
【知识点】deprive…of / derive…from
 
⑦ Whatever the opinion may be on cyber love - it must be said in favor of the internet that it puts people in touch with those who they otherwise would never have met. I would never have suspected that the first person I met by e-mail would be a German chimney sweeper, with whom, after a year of correspondence, albeit not romantic, a common interest still exists.
 
⑧ It is silly to perceive the Net as a demon, when we determine how we meet its challenges. While there are those who can use the Net to their advantage extracting useful information, there are those who become addicts losing common sense, hopping from chat room to chat room, writing piles of e-mails full of lies to chosen victims, and whose virtual reality, the flirtations, become part of their everyday lives, as if a disease. One thing is true - the Net is very addictive. According to the confession of a multiple substance addict, it was easier to give up cocaine than the IRC(short for Internet Relay Chat网上实时聊天).
 
⑨ In any case, keep your eyes open off-line as well. Turn off the machine and go to a dance or a club, because most women still expect to be courted in a real, old-fashioned, and romantic way.
 
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