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2018年4月自考英语考试试题及答案

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2018年4月自考英语考试试题及答案分割线
以下为上海自考网整理2018年4月自考英语考试试题及答案
 
单选题
 
[填句补文]But Bali starlings are only found in a small area on the island of Bali in Indonesia. They live in the tall grasslands near the coast. ______ Today there are only 14 left in the wild on a single reserve. More than half of their habitat was converted into farmland, and forest plantation. Many of them were captured and sold as pets.
 
A、We should take measures to protect them.
 
B、Bali starlings are very beautiful birds.
 
C、They grow fast because of a protein rich diet of insects.
 
D、In 1984, there were only 150 birds left in the wild.
 
正确答案:D
 
答案解析:答案选D。空格后面的那句话提到现在这种鸟剩下14只,那么上一句话是否也和它们的数量有关系,看到选项,不难找到正确答案。
 
[填句补文]There is a difference between science and technology. ________. Science has to do with discovering the facts and relationships between observable phenomena in nature and with establishing theories that serve to organize these facts and relationships; technology has to do with tools, techniques, and procedures for applying the findings of science.
 
A、Another distinction between science and technology has to do with the progress in each.
 
B、We are all familiar with the improper use of technology.
 
C、Unlike science, progress in technology must be measured in terms of the human factor.
 
D、Science is a method of answering theoretical questions; technology is a method of solving practical problems.
 
正确答案:D
 
答案解析:第一句总述了科学和技术是有差别的。缺空后是对两者的分述,因此缺空处也应是对两者的分述,故选D。
 
[填句补文]The basic tools for an interview are paper and two or three well-sharpened pencils. But keep your notebook or paper out of sight until you need it. There‘s nothing less likely to relax a person than the arrival of someone with a note-taking pad. ________. Take a while just to chat, judging what sort of person you’re dealing with, getting him or her to trust you.
 
A、This fear is almost 100 percent unnecessary.
 
B、Come back another day; it will go better.
 
C、The rest is instinct, which can all be learned with experience.
 
D、Both of you need time to get to know each other.
 
正确答案:D
 
答案解析:后面作者说到Take a while just to chat,强调的是要花时间chat以增进相互之间的了解。所以选D,这样就很符合逻辑顺序。
 
[填句补文]The typical person living alone is neither old nor lonely. ________. The majority of these people have chosen to live alone. They are responding to decreasing social pressure to get married and have a family.
 
A、This is a dramatic change from the extended families of just a couple of generations ago.
 
B、The growing number of women with good jobs has done much to increase the number of people living alone.
 
C、There‘s more pressure to get married nowadays.
 
D、In fact, a quarter of the 23 million single people in the U.S. are under the age of 35.
 
正确答案:D
 
答案解析:空格后句中出现代词“these people”,而空格前句出现的人是单数形式,因此判断空格处应该出现表意复数的人,从而与these people相呼应。而且空格前句提到了“年龄(old)”,所以判断D是答案,a quarter of the 23 million single people是复数名词,而且D中提到了年龄(35岁以下)。
 
[填句补文]The basic tools for an interview are paper and two or three well-sharpened pencils. But keep your notebook or paper out of sight until you need it. There‘s nothing less likely to relax a person than the arrival of someone with a note-taking pad. ________. Take a while just to chat, judging what sort of person you’re dealing with, getting him or her to trust you.
 
A、This fear is almost 100 percent unnecessary.
 
B、Come back another day; it will go better.
 
C、The rest is instinct, which can all be learned with experience.
 
D、Both of you need time to get to know each other.
 
正确答案:D
 
答案解析:后面作者说到Take a while just to chat,强调的是要花时间chat以增进相互之间的了解。所以选D,这样就很符合逻辑顺序。

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