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2021年上海自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题七

发布时间:2021-03-26 整编:上海自考网 阅读量: 标签:
【导语】

2021年上半年上海自考报名已经结束,还有一个月左右的时间可以备考,那么在剩下的一个多月的时间里,小编还是建议考生继续练习,这里上海自考网小编就整理了2021年上海自考本科

2021年上半年上海自考报名已经结束,还有一个月左右的时间可以备考,那么在剩下的一个多月的时间里,小编还是建议考生继续练习,这里上海自考网小编就整理了2021年上海自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题七。在这里小编也祝愿大家都取得理想的好成绩。

2021年上海自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题
 
Unit 7 Inner Voice
 
Your Inner Voice
 
① (1)My day started just like all the other days for the past 15 years where I get up, make some coffee, shower, get dressed and leave for the train station at precisely 7:35 A.M. to arrive at work by 8:30. While on the train I would always choose a seat away from the crowd so I can read the newspaper in peace and quiet. (2)At work I am always being bombarded with questions from coworkers, suppliers, telephone and then those dreaded meetings, so the last thing I need is some stranger to sit beside me and make small talk.
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
1. My day started just like all the other days for the past 15 years where I get up, make some coffee, shower, get dressed and leave for the train station at precisely 7:35 A.M. to arrive at work by 8:30.
 
(1) where引导定语从句,先行词为days。
 
(2) make coffee冲咖啡,煮咖啡
 
(3) get dressed穿好衣服
 
(4) leave for 动身去……
 
2. At work I am always being bombarded with questions from coworkers, suppliers, telephone and then those dreaded meetings, so the last thing I need is some stranger to sit beside me and make small talk. 工作中,我要无休止地应对同事、供应商提出的各种问题,电话总是响个不停,还有那些令人恐惧的会议,所以我最不想做的事就是和坐在身边的陌生人闲聊。
 
(1) bombard sb. with questions 不断向某人提问
 
(2) the last thing…最不想……的事情
 
He is the last person I want to work with.
 
Lying is the last thing he'll do.
 
请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!
 
【单选题】13. He is the person I dislike most. In other words, he is _______ I will like.
 
A. the last person
 
B. the worst person
 
C. the first person
 
D. the least person
 
【答案】A
 
【解析】本题考查"习惯用法the last person / thing …"。the last person / thing…意为"最不……的人/物"。the last person I will like相当于the person I dislike most,意为"我最不喜欢的人,我最讨厌的人"。
 
【知识点】习惯用法the last person / thing …
 
② I don't know why but for some reason when I got on the train today it was unusually full, something I don't recall ever happening in the past. With hesitation I sat down in the only seat available beside a middle-aged man that had his head down and seemed to be lost in his thoughts. I was glad that he didn't notice when I sat next to him as he just continued to look down towards the floor.
 
③ (3)Shortly after the train left for my 30-minute ride downtown I found myself wondering what this man was thinking about. What could be so important that he didn't even see me sit next to him? I tried to forget about it and started to read my paper. (4)However, for some strange reason this inner voice kept prompting me to talk to this man. (5)I tried to ignore the voice as there was no way I was starting a conversation with a complete stranger.(承上句)
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
3. Shortly after the train left for my 30-minute ride downtown I found myself wondering what this man was thinking about.
 
find在这里接现在分词短语作宾补,还可接过去分词作宾补。例如:
 
When he came to, he found himself lying in hospital.
 
The man found himself surrounded by half a dozen boys.
 
4. However, for some strange reason this inner voice kept prompting me to talk to this man.
 
(1) keep doing sth.
 
(2) prompt sb. to do sth. 促使某人做某事,督促某人做某事
 
5. I tried to ignore the voice as there was no way I was starting a conversation with a complete stranger.
 
(1) ignore:pay no attention to … on purpose
 
(2) there is no way … 没有办法……
 
④ (6)As you probably guessed I eventually broke down and came up with an excuse to ask him a question. When he raised his head and turned his eyes towards me I could see that he must have been really upset as he had red eyes and still had some tears rolling down the side of his face despite his feeble attempt to wipe them away. (7) I can't describe the sadness I felt seeing someone in so much pain.
 
⑤ We talked for about 20 minutes and in the end he seemed to be doing better. (8)As we were leaving the train he thanked me profusely for being an angel by taking the time to talk. (9)I never did find out what was making his heart so heavy with pain but was glad I listened to the voice that day.
 
⑥ Several weeks had passed when I noticed an envelope on my desk after returning from lunch. It was not addressed to anyone and only had the word angel written on it. (10)My receptionist attached a note saying a gentleman dropped it off saying he did not know my name but had described me well enough that the receptionist knew it was for me. When I read the note inside the envelope I was so filled with emotions that I couldn't contain myself. It was a letter from the man I met on the train thanking me again for talking to him and saving his life that day.(承上句)
 
⑦ Apparently he had some very hurtful personal problems that were so overwhelming that he was planning to take his life that day. In his letter he went on to explain that he was a religious person and in desperation screamed out to God that if God really cared about him he would send someone to prevent him from taking his life. In his eyes I was that someone, that Angel sent by God.(承上句)
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
6. As you probably guessed I eventually broke down and came up with an excuse to ask him a question.
 
(1) break down 出故障;分解;失败;垮掉
 
(2) come up with 提出;想出
 
区分:come down with 病倒,染上
 
7. I can't describe the sadness I felt seeing someone in so much pain.
 
seeing someone in so much pain 作状语,表示原因。这句话相当于Seeing someone in so much pain I felt very sad, and I couldn't describe the sadness.
 
8. As we were leaving the train he thanked me profusely for being an angel by taking the time to talk.
 
(1) thank sb. for (doing) sth.
 
(2) by taking the time to talk作状语修饰being an angel。
 
9. I never did find out what was making his heart so heavy with pain but was glad I listened to the voice that day.
 
heavy with pain中with表示原因,类似的短语还有:
 
be wet with sweat
 
be breathless / out of breath with excitement
 
shake with laughter
 
tremble with cold / anger
 
10. My receptionist attached a note saying a gentleman dropped it off saying he did not know my name but had described me well enough that the receptionist knew it was for me.
 
本句的主干是My receptionist attached a note.。 saying…作定语修饰a note,a gentleman dropped it off but had described me well enough that the receptionist knew it was for me作saying的宾语,but后省略了主语a gentleman。saying he didn't know my name作定语修饰a gentleman。but后面的内容,其中well enough that… 相当于so well that…。
 
本句话的译文为"我的接待员在信封上贴了一张便条,上面写道:这封信是一个绅士留下的,他说他不知道我的名字,但从他细致的描述可知他所说的人是我。"
 
⑧ (11)Not being a religious person myself I don't know what that voice was that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger but I do know that it made a difference in someone's life that day. So the next time you feel prompted for no apparent reason to talk to a friend, relative, neighbor or even a complete stranger please remember my story, you just may make a difference in someone's life when you listen to your inner voice.
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
11. Not being a religious person myself I don't know what that voice was that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger but I do know that it made a difference in someone's life that day.
 
句子的主干是I don't know what that voice was but I do know that that it made a difference in someone's life that day.
 
(1) not being a religious person myself是现在分词短语作状语,表示原因。这里要注意的是非谓语动词的否定形式,要在前面加not,现分的完成形式是not having done sth.,而不是having not done sth.。例如:
 
Not having finished his homework in time, he was criticized by the teacher.
 
(2) what that voice was that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger作know的宾语从句。切记宾语从句要用陈述句语序。再如:
 
Can you tell me where he comes from?
 
Tell me what's wrong / the matter / the trouble with you and maybe I can help you.
 
(3) take a chance 冒险一试,尝试一下
 
(4) that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger是定语从句,先行词是the voice,意为"让我冒险一试和陌生人说话的声音"。
 
(5) make a difference 有影响,有关系,有重要性
 
请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!
 
【单选题】14. _______, he didn't get a high score in the final exam.
 
A. Not to work hard
 
B. To not work hard
 
C. Having not worked hard
 
D. Not having worked hard
 
【答案】D
 
【解析】本题考查非谓语动词的否定形式。非谓语动词的否定形式要在前面加not,首先排除B和C。不定式表示动作还没有发生,故不能选A。现分的完成形式是not having done sth.,而不是having not done sth.,故选择D。
 
【知识点】非谓语动词的否定形式
 
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